A good place to begin learning about a search for alternatives is the Literature Searching and Database page of the Animal Welfare Information Center.
You can also consult the Selected Databases page of this guide. Remember to use two different databases for your searches. You can use one resource that searches the MedLine database but your second resource must search a different body of information.
The narrative for protocol review should include the following:
Email firstname.lastname@example.org with questions about capturing search strings.
|Potentially painful procedure: Jugular Catheter|
|Name of databases searched: PubMed, ScienceDirect|
|Date of Search: 3/1/2016|
|Years covered by search: 1965-present|
Keywords or search strategies used:
(("jugular catheter") AND rats) AND in vitro - in PubMed
TITLE-ABSTR-KEY(jugular catheter) and TITLE-ABSTR-KEY(in vitro) and TITLE-ABSTR-KEY(rat*) - in ScienceDirect
16 results but no articles identified any acceptable alternatives
19 results but no articles identified any acceptable alternatives
The term "alternatives" is not a catch-all as many subject specialties do not use the term, or use it in ways not relevant to searching for "alternatives" to painful/distressful procedures.
Here are some suggested terms to use when searching for alternatives:
• alternative • animal testing alternative • assay • distress • euthanasia • learn • learning • method • model • pain • replace • replacement • surrogate • system • teach • teaching • technique
• aided/assisted • artificial • cadaver • computers • image • imaging • instruction • interactive • mathematical model(ing) • model(ing) • prediction • simulation • software • teaching • theoretical model(ing) • virtual
• statistics • statistical analysis • experimental design • model • reduce • reduction
• distress • (non-)invasive • pain • postoperative • postsurgery • stress• anaesthesia • anesthesia • anesthetic • anaesthetic • analgesia • analgesic • anxiolytic • sedative• animal cage • animal caging • animal euthanasia • animal housing • animal husbandry • animal welfare