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Research impact is a way to measure the influence or contributions a researcher has made to his or her field. There are many different ways to measure this but the most widely accepted today includes quantitative measures such as the ones discussed below. Researchers and institutions are under increasing pressure to show value on the research they generate. One way to do that is to show the influences it has had among other researchers. As others build upon published work, they cite the research, showing its significance. Publishing multiple, highly cited papers is often equated with "success" in many fields.
Refers to the total number of works (articles, patents, book chapters, data sets, etc.) authored or co-authored by an individual. This measures amount of output and not the impact of that output.
The number of times a researcher has cited a journal article / book / data set / etc. in scholarly material. Highly cited works are often regarded as high quality and significant.
An author's h-index is a way of measuring a researcher's productivity and impact in a single value. An h-index is "n" number of articles that have been cited at least "n" number of times. Researchers with higher h-indexes are generally thought of as more prolific, as they have more output (publications) and impact (citations).
The h-index was developed by Jorge Hirsch and introduced in 2005. The following paper describes the h-index calculation in detail.
Hirsch, J.E. (2005). An index to quantify an individual's scientific research output. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(46), 16569-16572, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0507655102
The tools that are described in this guide for measuring impact through h-index and citation count include Google Scholar and Researcher ID.
|Researcher ID||Google Scholar|
|Subject Focus||Science, Technology, Social Sciences, Arts, and Humanitities||Medical, Science, Technical, Business, Social Sciences, Arts, and Humanities|
Some collections date back as far as 1900 including science and technology.
Available online journals, books, disssertation/theses, and other scholarly materials.